Wu Man, pipa

Wu Man holding pipa

Recognized as the world’s premier pipa virtuoso and leading ambassador of Chinese music, Wu Man has carved out a career as a soloist, educator and composer giving her lute-like instrument—which has a history of over 2,000 years in China—a new role in both traditional and contemporary music. Through numerous concert tours she has premiered hundreds of new works for the pipa, while spearheading multimedia projects to both preserve and create awareness of China’s ancient musical traditions. Her adventurous spirit and virtuosity have led to collaborations across artistic disciplines, allowing her to reach wider audiences as she works to break through cultural and musical borders. Her efforts were recognized when she was named Musical America’s 2013 Instrumentalist of the Year, marking the first time this prestigious award has been bestowed on a player of a non-Western instrument.

Having been brought up in the Pudong School of pipa playing, one of the most prestigious classical styles of Imperial China, Ms. Wu is now recognized as an outstanding exponent of the traditional repertoire as well as a leading interpreter of contemporary pipa music by today’s most prominent composers such as Tan Dun, Philip Glass, the late Lou Harrison, Terry Riley, Bright Sheng, Chen Yi and many others. She was the recipient of The Bunting Fellowship at Harvard University in 1998, and was the first Chinese traditional musician to receive The United States Artist Fellowship in 2008. She is also the first artist from China to perform at the White House. In 2015, she was appointed Visiting Professor of three major Chinese conservatories: the Shanghai Conservatory, her alma mater the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing, and the Zhejiang Conservatory in her hometown. This season she will also be in residence at the Pasadena Conservatory. As part of these residencies, she gives lectures, works with faculty and students, leads master classes and workshops, and performs.

In the U.S. during the 2018-19 season, Ms. Wu explores the concerto repertoire for pipa, including works written especially for her and U.S. premieres with the New York Philharmonic at David Geffen Hall and Taipei Symphony Orchestra at Carnegie Hall. With the Philharmonic, she and Yo-Yo Ma give the U.S. premiere of Chinese composer Zhao Lin’s Concerto for Pipa and Cello, which follows their world premiere performances in China earlier in the season. At Carnegie Hall’s Stern Auditorium / Perelman Stage, she gives the U.S. premiere of Qu Wenjun’s Pipa Concerto (“The Soul of the Plateau”) with the Taipei Symphony Orchestra. Her U.S. performances also include works written especially for her that have become staples of the pipa repertoire—Lou Harrison’s Pipa Concerto, which she performs with the Chamber Orchestra of Philadelphia; Zhao Jiping’s Pipa Concerto No. 2, with the Fresno Philharmonic; and Tan Dun’s Concerto for Pipa and String Orchestra, which is based on the composer’s Ghost Opera written for Ms. Wu and Kronos Quartet, with the Virginia Symphony Orchestra and Indianapolis Chamber Orchestra. She also performs at Princeton’s Berlind Theatre in an exploration of stringed instruments across cultures, blending her Chinese pipa with the West African kora performed by Ballake Sissoko, the Middle Eastern oud performed by Driss el Maloumi, and the valiha from Madagascar performed by Rajery.

To celebrate the 20th anniversary of the Silk Road Ensemble, of which she is a founding member, Ms. Wu performs with the group on two U.S. tours this season, as well as at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. The first tour, in January-February 2019, travels to Boulder, Denver, and Portland (OR), while the second is an April-May 2019 California tour to Northridge, Costa Mesa, and Berkeley. The spring tour, titled Heroes Take Their Stands, features five new commissions from a diverse group of composers that tell the stories of five heroic figures from cultures around the world, with the goal of exploring how ordinary people can make a difference in times of social and political turmoil. Each composer works with artists in other media, and Ms. Wu performs in the world premieres of Jason Moran’s Martin Luther King, Jr. and Zhao Lin’s Dou E at Chuzhou. In addition to touring with the ensemble, including internationally to Asia and the 2017 Melbourne Festival, Ms. Wu joins fellow Silk Road artists at The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Grace Rainey Rogers Auditorium, where they celebrate the reopening of the museum’s renovated André Mertens Galleries for Musical Instruments, which emphasize musical interactions between peoples.

Internationally, Ms. Wu not only tours with the Silk Road Ensemble, but also as part of an Aga Khan Music Initiative tour across Europe and with the Huayin Shadow Puppet Band in China and Singapore. With the Huayin Shadow Puppet Band, she blends traditional Chinese music and shadow puppetry, performing at Singapore’s Esplanade Concert Hall as well as in Guangzhou, Fujian, and Nanjing, China. She first encountered the group (formerly known as the Zhang Family Band) in rural Shaanxi, China, and introduced them to Western audiences through performances at Carnegie Hall in 2009 and on tour last season in 11 U.S. cities, including New York, Boston, Washington, D.C., Santa Barbara, Berkeley, and Cleveland.

Ms. Wu has performed as soloist with many of the world’s major orchestras, including the Austrian ORF Radio Symphony Orchestra, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Moscow Soloists, Nashville Symphony, German NDR and RSO Radio Symphony Orchestras, New Music Group, New York Philharmonic, Seattle Symphony Orchestra and the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra. Her touring has taken her to the major music halls of the world including Carnegie Hall, Amsterdam’s Concertgebouw, the Great Hall in Moscow, the Kennedy Center, Lincoln Center, Opera Bastille, Royal Albert and Royal Festival Halls in London and the Theatre de la Ville in Paris. She has performed at many international festivals including the Auckland Arts Festival, Bang on a Can Festival, BBC Proms, Festival d’Automne in Paris, Festival de Radio France et Montpellier, Hong Kong Arts Festival, La Jolla Summerfest, Lincoln Center Festival, Luminato, Mozart Festival in Vienna, NextWave!/BAM, Ravinia Festival, Silk Road Festival, Sydney Festival, Tanglewood, Wien Modern, WOMAD Festival, and the Yatsugatake Kogen Festival in Japan. She continually collaborates with some of the most distinguished musicians and conductors performing today, such as Yuri Bashmet, Dennis Russell Davies, Christoph Eschenbach, Gunther Herbig, Cho-Liang Lin, Yo-Yo Ma, David Robertson, Esa-Pekka Salonen and David Zinman.

Among Ms. Wu’s most fruitful collaborations is with Kronos Quartet, with whom she began collaborating in the early 1990s. They premiered their first project together, Tan Dun’s Ghost Opera,at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in 1995. The work was recorded and released on Nonesuch in 1997.  Additional Kronos Quartet recordings featuring Wu Man for Nonesuch include Early Music, on which she plays zhong ruan and da ruan (string instruments related to pipa) in John Dowland’s Lachrymæ Antiquæ and the Grammy-nominated You’ve Stolen My Heart, an homage to the composer of classic Bollywood songs, Rahul Dev Burman, featuring the Quartet, Ms. Wu, singer Asha Bhosle and tabla player Zakir Hussain. She participated in the Quartet’s 40th Anniversary celebration concerts at Cal Performances in Berkeley, CA and at Carnegie Hall, was Artist-in-Residence with the Quartet in February 2016, became the second inductee into the “Kronos Hall of Fame” (joining Terry Riley), and composed her first piece for western instruments, Four Chinese Paintings, for the Quartet’s “50 for the Future” project. This season in Washington, D.C., she and the Quartet reprise their multimedia work A Chinese Home, conceived in collaboration with theater director Chen Shi-Zheng and premiered at Carnegie’s Zankel Hall in 2009.

As a principal musician in Yo-Yo Ma’s Silk Road Project, now in its 20th season, Ms. Wu has performed throughout the U.S., Europe and Asia with the Silk Road Ensemble. She is a featured artist in the documentary The Music of Strangers: Yo-Yo Ma and The Silk Road Ensemble, as well as on the film’s 2017 Grammy Award-winning companion recording, Sing Me Home (“Best World Music Album”), which includes her original composition Green (Vincent’s Tune) performed with the vocal ensemble Roomful of Teeth. She has recorded six albums with the group: Silk Road Journeys: When Strangers Meet (2002), Silk Road Journeys: Beyond the Horizon (2005), New Impossibilities (2007), the CD/DVD A Playlist Without Borders/Live from Tanglewood (2013) and Sing Me Home (2016) on Sony Classical, as well as Off the Map (2009) on World Village. Her Silk Road Ensemble performances in recent years include tours of the U.S. during the regular season and to summer festivals such as Tanglewood, Wolf Trap, Blossom, Ravinia, and Hollywood Bowl, a tour of Asia, and performances with Mark Morris Dance in Berkeley and Seattle.

Adamant that the pipa does not become marginalized as only appropriate for Chinese music, Ms. Wu strives to develop a place for the pipa in all art forms. Projects she has initiated have resulted in the pipa finding a place in new solo and quartet works, concertos, opera, chamber, electronic, and jazz music as well as in theater productions, film, dance and collaborations with visual artists including calligraphers and painters. Her role has developed beyond pipa performance to encompass singing, dancing, composing and curating new works. She has premiered works by Chinese composers including Zhao Jiping, Tan Dun, Bright Sheng and Chen Yi. Other notable projects include Orion: China, co-written with Philip Glass for the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens and recorded the following year; and Blue and Green, an original composition that she premiered with The Knights. Recent projects have seen her rediscover, embrace and showcase the musical traditions of her homeland, projects she has dubbed “Wu Man’s Return to the East.” In 2009, she was asked to curate two concerts at Carnegie Hall as part of the “Ancient Paths, Modern Voices” festival celebrating Chinese culture. Ms. Wu and the artists she brought to New York from rural China for the festival also took part in two free neighborhood concerts and a concert presented by the Orange County Performing Arts Society in Costa Mesa. In August 2012, she released a documentary DVD titled Discovering a Musical Heartland: Wu Man’s Return to China as part of her ongoing “Return to the East” project. In the film, she travels to little-explored regions of China to uncover ancient musical traditions that have rarely been documented before.

Ms. Wu boasts a discography of over 40 albums including the Grammy Award-winning Sing Me Home (“Best World Music Album”) with the Silk Road Ensemble on Sony, the Grammy Award-nominated Our World in Song, featuring familiar folk songs from around the world arranged by her with Hawaiian instrumentalist Daniel Ho and Cuban percussionist Luis Conte, and Elegant Pipa Classics, which combines traditional pipa repertoire with modern compositions, both released by Wind Music. Traditions and Transformations: Sounds of Silk Road Chicago features her Grammy Award-nominated performance of Lou Harrison’s Pipa Concerto with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, as well as a Grammy-nominated recording of Tan Dun’s Pipa Concerto with Yuri Bashmet and the Moscow Soloists on Onyx Classics. In May 2012, she released her Independent Music Award-nominated CD/DVD Borderlands, which traces the history of the pipa in China. It is the final installment of the acclaimed ten-volume “Music of Central Asia” ethnographic series produced by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture and the Smithsonian Institution Center for Folklife and Culture Heritage. In Wu Man and Friends, released on Traditional Crossroads in 2005, she blends Chinese, Ukrainian, Ugandan and Appalachian traditional music, performing alongside musicians from these regions.Her solo recordings include Pipa: From a Distance, released on Naxos World Music in 2003, and Immeasurable Light, released on Traditional Crossroads in 2010. Fingertip Carnival, her latest release for Wind Music, explores the connections between Chinese and Mexican folk music and each culture's use of stringed instruments with the San Diego-based son jarocho group Son de San Diego.

Born in Hangzhou, China, Ms. Wu studied with Lin Shicheng, Kuang Yuzhong, Chen Zemin, and Liu Dehai at the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing, where she became the first recipient of a master's degree in pipa. Accepted into the conservatory at age 13, her audition was covered by national newspapers and she was hailed as a child prodigy, becoming a nationally recognized role model for young pipa players. She subsequently received first prize in the First National Music Performance Competition among many other awards, and she participated in many premieres of works by a new generation of Chinese composers. Her first exposure to Western classical music came in 1979 when she saw Seiji Ozawa and the Boston Symphony Orchestra performing in Beijing. In 1980 she participated in an open master class with violinist Isaac Stern, and in 1985 she made her first visit to the U.S. as a member of the China Youth Arts Troupe. She moved to the U.S. in 1990 and currently resides in California.